J. Wu, J. Peng, Y. Zhou, Y. Lin, X. Wen, J. Wu, Y. Zhao, Y. Guo, C. Wu and Y. Xie
J. Am. Chem. Soc., Just Accepted (2018)
Homojunctions comprised of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD) polymorphs are attractive building blocks for next-generation two-dimensional (2D) electronic circuitry. However, the synthesis of such homojunctions, which usually involves elaborate manipulation at nanoscale, still remains a great challenge. Herein, we demonstrated a solution-processing strategy to successfully harvest lateral semiconductor-metal homojunctions with high yield. Specially, through precisely controlled lithiation process, precursors of polymorphic crystal arranged with 1T-2H domains were successfully achieved. A programmed exfoliation procedure was further employed to orderly laminate each phase in the polymorphic crystal, thus leading to 1T-2H TMD homojunction monolayers with size up to tens of micrometers. Moreover, the atomically sharp boundaries and superior band alignment improved the device based on the semiconductor-metal homojunction with 50% decrease of electric field strength required in the derivation of state transition. We anticipate that solution processing based on programmed exfoliation would be a powerful tool to produce new configurations of 2D nanomaterials.