X. Luo, Y. Xue, J. Wu, W. Cai, D. Täuber, I. Malovicho, B. Sava, G. Cen, X. Lu, C. Zhao, I. G. Scheblykin, J. Yu, W. Mai, F. Liu, E. Wang and L. Hou
Applied Physics Letters 121, 233301 (2022)
Intrinsic polarization-sensitive photodetectors (IPPDs) have attracted considerable attention in recent years due to their simplicity in configuration, making them ideal candidates for compact and integrated polarization-sensitive sensing and imaging systems. Photoactive films with intrinsic optical anisotropy are necessary for IPPDs. This study reports an achievement of photoactive films based on all-polymer heterojunction films with in-plane optical anisotropy using a simple bottom-up self-assembly method. Both the donor (TQ1) and acceptor (N2200) polymers have the same spatial orientation with distinct anisotropy, approaching a dichroic ratio (DR) of 8. Polarization-sensitive light absorption is due to the uniaxially oriented polymer chains, which are dominated by lamellar packing with edge-on orientation. For IPPDs based on this anisotropic all-polymer heterojunction film, a photocurrent anisotropy was found with a polarized photocurrent ratio of 2.6. The detectivity of these IPPDs was found to be 1.9 × 1011 Jones (@ ∼600 nm, 0 V bias). Our work shows that oriented polymer donor–acceptor films fabricated using bottom-up self-assembly have great potential in applications, such as polarization detection.