One-dimensional van der Waals Heterojunction Diode

Y. Feng, H. Li, T. Inoue, S. Chiashi, S. V. Rotkin, R. Xiang and S. Maruyama

ACS Nano, 15, 3, 5600–5609 (2021)
The synthesis of one-dimensional van der Waals heterostructures was realized recently, which offers alternative possibilities for prospective applications in electronics and optoelectronics. The even reduced dimension will enable different properties and further miniaturization beyond the capabilities of their two-dimensional counterparts. The natural doping results in p-type electrical characteristics for semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes and n-type for molybdenum disulfide with conventional noble metal contacts. Therefore, we demonstrate here a one-dimensional heterostructure nanotube, 11 nm wide, with the coaxial assembly of a semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotube, insulating boron nitride nanotube, and semiconducting molybdenum disulfide nanotube, which induces a radial semiconductor–insulator–semiconductor heterojunction. When opposite potential polarity was applied on a semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotube and molybdenum disulfide nanotube, respectively, the rectifying effect was materialized.