Quasistatic nature of subsurface densification of soda lime silicate glass under nano- and Vickers indentation

Huijing Duan, Andrew L. Ogrinc, Yen-Ting Lin, Robert Hengstebeck, Bin Dong, Jiaxin Yu, Slava V. Rotkin, Hongtu He and Seong H. Kim

Ceramics International (2024)
Mechanical properties of glass are critical for technical applications, thus comprehending the material response to mechanical tests is of great importance. In this study, we employ the nanoindentation combined with nanoscale infrared (nano-IR) spectroscopy combined with scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy (s-SNOM) and ToF-SIMS, to elucidate the nanoindentation rate dependence of plastic deformation of soda lime silicate glass. Experiment results show that the nanohardness and elastic modulus of soda lime silicate (SLS) glass exhibit a strong dependence on loading rate, while those of fused quartz (FQ) shows a much weaker dependence. The residual indent volume at fast loading conditions is smaller for SLS glass than FQ; but as the loading rate decreases, the residual indent volume of FQ and SLS glass becomes similar. The indent volume of SLS glass after sub-Tg annealing (reverting subsurface densification) shows negligible dependence on the loading rate, suggesting that the densification of SLS glass is strongly enhanced at lower indentation rate, but the shear flow is independent or weakly dependent. Using nanoscale infrared spectroscopy and ToF-SIMS techniques, the sodium ion migration in SLS glass surface in the indent is found to be associated with the subsurface densification. These results suggest the possible role of highly mobile sodium ions on in nano- and micro-scale plastic deformation behavior of SLS glass.